Section 23 

23.1     Fundamentals
23.2     Bibliography Format
23.3     Annotated Bibliographies
23.4     Foreign Language in Bibliographies

23.1       Fundamentals

23.1.1     Bibliographies may appear at the ends of chapters, books, articles, etc. Print bibliographies vary in appearance, but are treated consistently in braille.

23.2       Bibliography Format

23.2.1     Each bibliography entry is listed in 1-3.

Example 23-1: Bibliography

Two entries of a bibliography

,leib]1 ,m4 ,j41 & ,jamieson1 ,k4 ,m4

⠀⠀#aiie4 ,race & ,deci.n mak+ )9 juv5ile

⠀⠀ju/ice3 ,! import.e ( 3text4 ..,j\rnal

⠀⠀( ,quantitative .,crim9ology


,p\"p1 ,l4 #aiie4 ,! ov]repres5t,n (

⠀⠀m9or;y y\?s 9 ! ,cali=nia juv5ile

⠀⠀ju/ice adm9i/r,n3 ,racial 4p>ities 9

⠀⠀an urban juv5ile c\rt4 ,9 ..,m9orities

⠀⠀9 ,juv5ile .,ju/ice $it$ 0,k4 ,k4

⠀⠀,leon>d1 ,c4 ,e4 ,pope1 & ,w4

⠀⠀,fey]h]m4 ,?\s& ,oaks1 ,,ca3 ,sage


23.2.2     Follow print for punctuation and font attributes.

23.2.3     If two or more works by the same author are listed, a long print 3-em dash frequently is substituted for the author's name. Use three hyphens --- (36, 36, 36), spaced as shown in print, to reflect this type of print dash accurately. Use three hyphens for a 3-hyphen dash also.

Example 23-2: Bibliography with 3-em Dash

Two entries of a bibliography; the second entry begins with a long (3-em) dash

,johns1 ,evan4 #aife4 ,an ,9du/rial

⠀⠀,hi/ory ( ,ont>io4 ,toronto3

⠀⠀,fieldh\se ,press4

---4 #aiga4 ,canada's ,railroads4

⠀⠀,toronto3 ,fieldh\se ,press4

Example 23-3: Bibliography with 3-hyphen Dash

Three entries of a bibliography; the third entry begins with three hyphens

,puzo1 ,m>io4 ..,! ,family3 ,a .,novel4

⠀⠀,-plet$ 0,c>ol ,g9o4 ,new ,york3

⠀⠀,h>p]1 #bjja4

,r[l+1 ,j4 ,k4 ..,h>ry ,pott] &! ,*amb]

⠀⠀( .,secrets4 ,new ,york3 ,s*ola/ic1


---4 ..,h>ry ,pott] &! ,prison] (

⠀⠀.,azkaban4 ,?orndike1 ,,me3 ,?orndike1


23.3       Annotated Bibliographies

23.3.1     Annotated bibliographies have descriptive information as well as bibliographic information. The bibliographic information is listed in 1-5, and the descriptive information is in 3-5.

23.3.2     For mixed bibliographies which include both annotated and unannotated entries, use 1-5, 3-5 for annotated entries, and 1-5 for unannotated entries.

Example 23-4: Annotated Bibliography

Two entries of a bibliography; the first entry includes a paragraph (annotation) of additional information

,l',5gle1 ,madele9e 7#aigc74 ..,a

⠀⠀⠀⠀,wr9kle 9 .,"t4 ,new ,york3 ,bantam

⠀⠀⠀⠀,d\#"d ,dell ,books = ,"y ,r1d]s4

⠀⠀,? ,newb]y ,m$al w9n] is a mixture (

⠀⠀⠀⠀sci;e fic;n & my/icism4 ,two *n &a

⠀⠀⠀⠀fr m/ rescue _! "f f ! fif? dim5.n4

---4 .,! .,small .,ra9 7#aide74 ,new

⠀⠀⠀⠀,york3 ,f>r> ,/raus ,gir\x4

23.4       Foreign Language in Bibliographies

23.4.1     Titles and names are contracted.

23.4.2     The dot 4 accent symbol is placed before an accented letter. When an accented letter is part of a syllable, the syllable is not contracted.

Example 23-5: Bibliography with Foreign Word and Title

Bibliography entry with foreign word and italicized foreign title

,dumas1 ,alex&re1 p@ere1 ..,la ,dame aux


23.4.3     Syllables without accented letters are in contracted braille.

23.4.4     Use the letter indicator before single-letter foreign words.

Example 23-6: Foreign Entry with Single-Letter Word

Bibliography entry with italicized foreign title, which includes the single letter word y

,leb]t1 ,m>ie4 ..,el ,9t]net ;y los