Section 2 
Transcriber-Generated Pages and Front Matter

2.1      Fundamentals
2.2      Transcriber-Generated Page Basics
2.3      Title Pages
2.4      Second and Subsequent Title Pages
2.5      Special Symbols Page
2.6      Transcriber's Notes Page
2.7      Front Matter Basics
2.8      Book Covers and Jackets
2.9      Dedications
2.10    Table of Contents
2.11    Other Front Matter
2.12    Body Matter
2.13    Samples

2.1         Fundamentals

2.1.1       Transcriber-generated pages have no corresponding print pages and are distinguished from the book's front matter by a unique set of braille page numbers.

"Front matter" and "body matter" are terms which align with publisher source files, and these files are used frequently in braille production. All front matter is transcribed in the same order as print.

2.1.2       A Braille Reader's Perspective

The "t" (transcriber-generated) pages clarify to the reader what the transcriber has added to or gleaned from the print text.

2.2         Transcriber-Generated Page Basics

2.2.1       Transcriber-generated pages include information added for the braille reader and are inserted in the following order:

Title page

Second title page(s)

Special Symbols page

Transcriber's Notes page

a.  These pages do not have print page numbers.

b.  Braille page numbers are preceded by the letter t, e.g., t1, t2, etc.

c.  Several titles of a series may be bound together by the publisher, with individual title pages, ISBNs, etc. A title page, and a second title page if necessary, is inserted before the beginning of each title. Each new title page begins with braille page t1.

2.3         Title Pages

2.3.1       Copyright law requires that a print copy of the braille title page be included in the braille edition. Place the print title page before the braille title page.

2.3.2       The print title page is the preferred source for the braille title page information.

2.3.3       Title Page Basics

a.  All volumes include a transcriber-generated title page with five segments of information. Information is grouped into the following order:

Title Segment

Author Segment

Publisher and Copyright Segment

Transcriber/Transcription Segment

Volume Information Segment

b.  The first title page must include text on the first and last lines of the braille page.

c.  All items on the United States title page are listed in 1-3. An agency may require a centered format.

d.  There are no blank lines within a segment.

e.  One or more blank lines may be inserted between segments, depending on the amount of information on the title page. Distribute the blank lines evenly when possible.

f.  An agency may have its own requirements for title pages. (Sample 2-9)

2.3.4       Title Segment

a.  The book title, subtitle, series name, and the edition name or number, are placed on the first line or lines of the title page.

b.  Follow print for capitalization of all titles, subtitles, and grade levels.

c.  Space permitting, each element of the title, subtitle, series name, and edition statement begin on a new line.

d.  Some title pages are very dense with text, and there may not be enough space for each item to begin on a new line. The series name and edition may be placed on the line as the title or subtitle, separated by semicolons.

e.  A series name may be part of the title. Examine the text to determine what the correct title is. Check the list of the author's works and other places in the book where the title may be used.

See Sample 2-1: Title with a Series Name on page 2-26.

f.  A book may have a group of separate ancillary books as part of the set. The primary book title is used as the subtitle for the secondary books when the transcriber has the main text and the ancillary books.

See Sample 2-2: Titles in a Set on page 2-27.

g.  Grade/Level. A grade level shown in words or numerals is transcribed as printed and placed on the line with or following the book title. If there is room, the grade level goes on the same line as the title, separated by a colon. Sometimes this information is found only on the book spine or back cover. Do not include the grade level if it is not clearly apparent. A graphic design of lines, dots, etc., determined to be the grade level is transcribed as an arabic number.

See Sample 2-3: Grade Level on Back Cover on page 2-28.

See Sample 2-4: Grade Level Indicated by Dots on Spine on page 2-29.

h.  The publisher's name is included in the full title when it appears with the title of the book. Publishers have stated that the publisher's name is a part of the title in this situation. Typically the publisher's name included as part of the title is important, because the publisher is an imprint of a larger publishing company. For example, Prentice Hall is a Pearson Education subsidiary. While the book may be published by Pearson Education, the title is a Prentice Hall book and consequently Prentice Hall is part of the title.

See Sample 2-5: Title and Subtitle Including Publisher's Name on page 2-30.

See Sample 2-6: Title with Edition Number and Subtitle on page 2-31.

2.3.5       Author Segment

a.  Do not insert "By" before author/editor names unless it is included in print.

b.  Follow print for capitalization of the author/editor names.

c.  Authors may be listed on separate lines, or follow one another on the same line, separated by a comma.

d.  Author affiliations/degrees are included on the title page if the information fits in its entirety.

e.  Only the first or principal author or editor is placed on the title page when there are more than three names, or when all the names will not fit. Use "et al." following  the first name. "Et al." is not italicized and the letter indicator precedes al.

Example 2-1: Title Page

List of four authors, including degrees and affiliations

,john ,gillespie1 et ;al4

f.  The editor's name is used when authors are not listed.

g.  A translator's name is included on the line following the author's name.

See Sample 2-7: Translator on page 2-32.

h.  Names and information about the print illustrators are not included.

2.3.6       Publisher and Copyright Segment

a.  Publisher Information. Depending upon whether or not copyright clearance has been obtained through an agency, the title page includes one of the following:

(1)  When authorized by copyright law, the title page states "Published by" followed by the publisher information.

Example 2-2: Publishing Statement for Authorized User

Publishing statement for Standard Press and authorized user

,publi%$ 0,/&>d ,press ,new ,york1 ,new

(2)  When permission has been specifically obtained from the publisher, the title page states "With permission of the publisher" followed by the publisher information.

Example 2-3: Publishing Statement for Permission Obtained

Publishing statement for Standard Press when permission obtained

,) p]mis.n (! publi%]1 ,/&>d ,press
⠀⠀,new ,york1 ,new ,york

b.  Publisher's City and State/Province. Many books list a group of publishing cities, and sometimes a state/province. The first city is included on the title page. The state/province is included only if one appears in print. Follow print if the state/province is spelled out or if the postal code (state/province abbreviation) is used.

c.  Publisher's Website. The publisher's URL is included on the title page if it appears on the title page, copyright page, or cover of the book. The website is inserted on the line after the publisher's city/state. All CBC symbols are listed on the Special Symbols page, and use of the Computer Braille Code is included on the Transcriber's Notes page.

See Sample 2-8: Publisher Website on page 2-33.

d.  Copyright Notices

(1)  The copyright symbol © ^c is used when it appears in print. Follow print for spacing. The copyright symbol is included on the Special Symbols page.

(2)  Only the most recent copyright date and copyright holder are placed on the title page of each volume. All other dates are ignored.

Example 2-4: Copyright Year

Print title page with copyrights for 2005 and 2001

,copy"r ^c #bjje

(3)  When a text is copyrighted without a date, only the word Copyright is placed on the title page.

(4)  When a text is not copyrighted, place the word Printed on the title page followed by the latest printing date that is given in the text.

(5)  Omit the statement about reservation of rights. Do not add anything when copyright and printing information is not in print.

e.  Reproduction Notices. Under amended provisions of the U.S. copyright law, the permission of publishers or copyright owners is not required by an authorized entity for transcription or distribution of previously published nondramatic literary works in a specialized format.

(1)  Insert the following required reproduction notice on the next line after the copyright notice:

Further reproduction or distribution in other than a specialized format is prohibited.

(2)  The Canadian reproduction statement is found on the second title page. See §2.4.2d.

Exception: An authorized organization or agency must obtain the publisher's permission for transcription of the following:

(3)  Computer programs, except for those portions that are displayed to users in conventional human language

(4)  Dramatic works, whether prose or poetry, that are not in the public domain

(5)  Music and any accompanying lyrics

(6)  Standardized, secure, or norm-referenced tests and related testing materials

(7)  Texts produced by foreign publishers, and without U.S. copyrights, that are to be distributed in foreign countries

Note: In the U.S. any unauthorized organization, government agency without a specific mission for services for the blind, or unaffiliated transcriber must obtain permission of the publisher or copyright owner before beginning the transcription of any text. Sponsoring organizations, agencies, and transcribers in other countries similarly are responsible for determining and observing all applicable copyright laws.

f.  ISBN. The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is assigned to identify specifically a particular book. The International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) similarly identifies a magazine, journal, or other periodical publication. This number typically appears on the copyright page or on the book cover.

(1)  The ISBN or ISSN is placed on the next line after the reproduction notice.

(2)  Include the ISBN for the appropriate version of the book (hardcover, paperback, etc.). The back of the book typically includes the ISBN and is the easiest location at which to find the accurate number.

(3)  Follow print for capitalization, punctuation, and spacing.

(4)  Precede the ISBN with Transcription of.

(5)  The ISBN may follow Transcription of if it will fit on a single line.

(6)  Include both 10- and 13-digit ISBNs if they appear in print, following print for order. Each ISBN begins in cell 3, after the Transcription of line.

Example 2-5: 10- and 13-digit ISBNs

10- and 13-digit ISBNs

,transcrip;n (
⠀⠀,,isbn-#ac3 #igh-j-fah-agbih-f
⠀⠀,,isbn-#aj3 #j-fah-agbih-;,x

(7)  Some books may include a separate ISBN for a state-specific section. This ISBN is also included on the title page.

(8)  Do not substitute any other number for the ISBN.

(9)  If there is no ISBN number printed in the book, omit the Transcription of ISBN line on the braille title page.

g.  Printing History. Many books include the printing history, which is a series of numbers, usually on the back of the title page, indicating the number and year of printings.

(1)  Some publishers may edit the book at the time of a new printing, without changing the copyright and ISBN. Consequently, a book from a newer run may not match an earlier printing. Including the printing history is the way to definitively identify a book.

(2)  The format of the printing history is an agency decision. It is recommended that print be followed.

Example 2-6: Printing History

Printing history on copyright page

,pr9t+ hi/ory3 #d #e #f #g #h #i
⠀⠀7#jdb_/jdc7 #jh #jg #jf #je

2.3.7       Transcriber/Transcription Segment. An agency may specify the placement of the transcriber's name and the notice of sponsorship. When an agency format is not provided, the title page carries the following information:

a.  Year of transcription and name of transcriber.

b.  Name of tactile graphics specialist if different from transcriber.

c.  Affiliation or sponsoring agency, with city and state/province; postal abbreviations  are used in this segment.

2.3.8       Volume Information Segment

a.  Volume Identification

(1)  An agency may require the total number of volumes of the transcription.

(2)  Individual volumes in the braille edition are indicated with consecutive arabic numbers.

(3)  Preliminary and/or supplemental volumes are included with the total number of volumes.

Example 2-7: Single Volume Book

Volume information in a single volume book

,9 #a ,volume

,brl pages t#a-t#b1 p#a-p#b & #a-fh
,pr9t pages ;i-;v & #a-ce

Example 2-8: Volume Identification

Volume information in a multi-volume book, including a preliminary volume

,9 #a ,prelim9>y ,volume & #i ,volumes
,volume #a

b.  Customized Braille. Identify uncontracted or partially contracted volumes.

Example 2-9: Customized Braille Noted

Volume information in a multi-volume book, including Uncontracted

,in #aj ,volumes
,volume #a

c.  Braille Page Information. All transcriber-generated, front matter, and braille page numbers are accounted for.

Example 2-10: Braille Page Information

Braille page information, including t pages, p pages, and regular braille pages

,brl pages t#a-t#f1 p#a-p#c1 & #a-ha

d.  Print Page Information

(1)  Inclusive print page numbers (including continuation letter), both roman and arabic, are indicated for all transcribed print pages in the volume, e.g., transposed materials, repeated materials, and text. The continuation letter is included.

(2)  Print pages with repeated and transposed text are listed on the title page in the order in which they appear in the braille volume.

(3)  Print page numbers are separated by and, according to page numbering groups.

Example 2-11: Print Page Information

Print page information, including roman numerals and arabic numbers

,pr9t pages ;i-;x & #a-ec

Example 2-12: Print Pages with Repeated and Transposed Text

Print page information, with repeated and transposed page numbers

,pr9t pages ;i-;x1 #hgg & #a-cb1

Example 2-13: Print Pages with Continuation Letter

Print page range, including the continuation letter

,pr9t pages a#fi-abe
,pr9t pages #abe-b#ahb

(4)  Only the actual print page numbers are indicated on the title page in subsequent volumes. For example, the table of contents may be pages iv-xv for the volume, therefore i-iii are not included on the title page.

Example 2-14: Print Page Information in Subsequent Volume

Roman numeral and arabic number print page ranges

,pr9t pages ;iv-;xv & #ef-ha

See Sample 2-9: U.S. Title Page on page 2-34.

2.4         Second and Subsequent Title Pages

2.4.1       Information that will not fit on the title page, as well as additional information in the book's front matter, goes on the second/subsequent title pages.

a.  Unlike on the title page, the information on the supplemental title page does not need to be spaced to include the first and last lines of the braille page.

b.  Cell-5 headings may be used to categorize segments of information.

c.  All items are listed in 1-3.

d.  A single blank line separates segments.

2.4.2       Examples of items on supplemental title page:

a.  The complete list of authors (or editors), with titles, degrees, affiliations, etc., are listed first. This information is included in the first volume only. Inclusion of lists of consultants in braille editions is an agency decision. If they are included, they too are in the first volume only.

Example 2-15: Second Title Page

List of four authors, including degrees and affiliations

,john ,gillespie1 ,ph4,d4 ,gre5
,m>ia ,czepyha1 ,s\? ,dakota ,college
,ri*>d ,cl>k1 ,,mls1 ,swiss ,college
,anne ,g>rett1 ,ph4,d4 ,kelt ,univ]s;y

b.  Transcriber/transcription overflow may be included on this page (tactile graphics specialist, proofreader, etc.).

c.  Printing history statement (shown in volume 1 only)

Some publishers may revise books at the time of a new printing, accounting for differences between print and braille with identical ISBNs. Compare the printing history number on the braille title page against a hardcopy textbook when differences in text are noted and identify if the braille is an older or newer printing than the classroom hardcopy.

d.  The CNIB (Canadian National Institute for the Blind) reproduction statement is included on the second title page:

This work has been produced for persons with a perceptual disability as per the Canadian copyright act. Further distribution or reproduction must comply with this act.

See Sample 2-10: Canadian Title Page & Reproduction Notice on page 2-35.

2.5         Special Symbols Page

2.5.1       This page lists all symbols in the following list, as well as those that are made up by the transcriber, which are necessary for the reader's understanding of the text. (Sample 2-21)

2.5.2       Format

a.  Place SPECIAL SYMBOLS USED IN THIS VOLUME as a centered heading on lines 1 and 2 (lines 3 and 4 if a running head is used).

b.  Do not repeat SPECIAL SYMBOLS USED IN THIS VOLUME or category headings on subsequent pages.

c.  All symbols are listed in 1-3.

d.  Each symbol is followed by a space and its meaning or name, as directed in English Braille American Edition. The meaning or name begins with a capital letter.

e.  Dot numbers are included when a braille symbol is only lower or only right-hand dots. Dot numbers are needed for symbols such as the accent indicator ` (4) but are not necessary for symbols such as the freestanding dollar sign `4 (4, 256).

f.  Miscellaneous symbols are listed first. Three or more symbols falling into identifiable categories, e.g., reference indicators, font attribute indicators, diacritics, etc., are listed next.

g.  Use categories to organize symbols, e.g., reference indicators, font attributes, diacritics, etc.

h.  Symbols with two meanings, such as the transcriber's note indicator and termination indicator, are listed separately for each meaning.

i.   Some agencies may request a printout of the Special Symbols Page and Transcriber's Notes page(s) to accompany the volume.

2.5.3       Categories. A cell-5 heading  identifies a group of symbols.

a.  List all symbols from the Computer Braille Code according to the CBC Special Symbols Update. (See Latest Code Updates at

b.  List all symbols from other codes, such as foreign language.

c.  Pronunciation symbols are listed when a pronunciation table does not appear in print. Diacritic symbols are listed in the following order:

Pronunciation enclosure symbols, other than parentheses and brackets

Syllable stress symbols

Syllable division symbols

Diacritic symbols (listed in alphabetical order)

2.6         Transcriber's Notes Page

2.6.1       This page identifies special formats or usage throughout the volume. If a special format or usage occurs more than once in a volume, include it on the Transcriber's Notes page. (Sample 2-21)

a.  Place TRANSCRIBER'S NOTES as a centered heading on line 1 (line 3 if a running head is used). Do not repeat the heading on subsequent pages.

b.  All notes are in 3-1 paragraphs, and the transcriber's note symbol is not used.

c.  Include notification of other codes used within the volume. Sample:

Mathematical formulas are transcribed according to The Nemeth Braille Code for Mathematics and Science Notation, 1972 Revision, 2007-2011 Updates.

d.  Altered print format throughout the book is identified. Samples:

Double quotation marks are substituted for single quotation marks.

Illustrations without captions are omitted.

The atlas is omitted.

Test questions are moved from the back of the book to the end of the chapter to which they apply.

2.6.2       Advertising copy in magazines and other leisure reading material is omitted. Notice of this omission is given in the first volume only.

2.7         Front Matter Basics

2.7.1       Print introductory and/or front matter pages follow the transcriber-generated pages. Some books may not have any front matter pages, while others may be extensive.

a.  Braille page numbers are preceded by p, e.g., p1, p2, etc.

b.  All front matter pages, as well as repeated content, include the print page number. Page numbers may be implied (unnumbered), roman numerals, or arabic.

c.  Follow print for page order in all volumes. Repeated content, e.g., cast of characters and pronunciation key, is inserted at the end of the front matter. Retain the original page number on these repeated pages in each volume. (Sample 2-21)

d.  Print front matter pages may have implied page numbering. The roman i or arabic number 1 may not appear on the print title page, however roman iv or arabic 4 may be on the fourth page. Implied print numbers are added to all corresponding braille pages.

e.  Do not add print page numbers when there are no implied or actual print page numbers used in the front matter.

2.8         Book Covers and Jackets

2.8.1       Information on the front or back cover of a book is included in the braille edition.

a.  The cover/jacket material is inserted as the first front matter page p1, and no print page number is used.

b.  Include book jacket or inside cover information not included with the text, e.g., lists of author's works, author's biography, etc.

c.  Do not include advertising material, reviews by other authors, blurbs about upcoming titles, etc.

2.9         Dedications

2.9.1       There is no longer a distinction between a dedication and other text, such as author acknowledgments.

a.  A dedication is placed on its own page.

b.  The dedication begins on line 1, or line 3 if there is a running head.

c.  The dedication is generally treated as a regular paragraph, which may be in 3-1 or 1-1.

d.  Follow the guidelines for other formatting, such as poetry.

Example 2-16: Dedication Page


 1 ,= ,frank ,vattano1 ma/] t1*]1⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀;v
 2 m5tor 6t1*]s1 wellspr+ ( cr1tive
 3 res\rces1 & 5c\rag+ fr
25 ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀p#h

2.10       Table of Contents

See Sample 2-11: Layout of Table of Contents on page 2-36.

2.10.1     Brief Table of Contents. Some books include a brief table of contents, with page numbers, before the full table of contents.

a.  The entire brief table of contents takes the place of the full table of contents in the first volume.

b.  The brief table of contents begins on a new braille page.

c.  In addition to the entire brief table of contents, the first volume includes the portion of the full table of contents that pertain to that volume.

d.  The brief table of contents is not repeated in subsequent volumes.

e.  All formatting for the brief table of contents follows the guidelines laid out below.

See Sample 2-12: Entire Brief Table of Contents in Volume 1 starting on page 2-38.

2.10.2     General Provisions

a.  Include the table of contents when it is in print.

b.  A table of contents may be generated by the transcriber for informal materials such as menus, meeting documents, etc. A transcriber-generated table of contents has a t page number.

c.  The entire table of contents for the book is included in Volume 1. Depending on the book, this may be either the brief table of contents or the full table of contents.

d.  Subsequent volumes contain only the portion of the table of contents pertaining to the print pages in that volume.

e.  A table of contents on or inside the cover follows the Transcriber's Notes page(s), and is braille page p1, with no text page number assigned. When there is other book cover/jacket information, the table of contents is the last of this information.

f.  Tables of contents frequently include Chapter, Lesson, etc., before each of the main numbered entries. In Volume 1 this identifier is placed in cell 1 on the line following the front matter. When there is no front matter, the identifier is placed in cell 1 on the line following Volume 1. The identifier is omitted before the individual entries. No identifier is inserted above the entries when none is used in print. Note: The word Page is no longer shown at the right margin of this line.

g.  In subsequent volumes the identifier is located on the line after the contents heading.

h.  Treat extraneous material on the table of contents pages according to other formatting guidelines, e.g., sidebars, pictures, etc. These materials must retain the six cell right margin.

2.10.3     Headings

a.  Center the print contents heading, e.g., Table of Contents, What You Will Study, etc. Use CONTENTS when a heading is not used in print. This heading is followed by a blank line.

b.  Volume 1 is centered before the beginning of the table of contents in the first volume. It is not followed by a blank line.

c.  A volume number is not indicated when the braille edition consists of a single volume.

d.  Unit and part headings are centered and placed above the chapter headings or other subdivisions to which they apply. Other primary divisions may be centered if appropriate.

e.  Do not repeat headings on succeeding contents pages.

2.10.4     Blank Lines

a.  Insert a blank line as a separator between front matter and body matter contents entries.

b.  Insert a blank line as a separator between body matter and back matter contents entries.

c.  When more than one centered heading appear on consecutive line, a blank line is inserted before only the first one.

d.  The word Chapter, or other identifier, is inserted in cell 1 after the blank line following the front matter.

e.  A blank line is inserted between a centered heading and a cell-5 category heading. See §2.10.15.

f.  When there is no front matter, insert the identifier on the line immediately before the first entry that begins with the identifier.

2.10.5     Contents Entries. Table of contents entries may not appear on line 1 or line 25, as these lines contain the print and braille page numbers. Even-numbered (left-hand) pages in interpoint volumes may use line 25 when that page number is suppressed.

A table of contents entry may be split between braille pages.

2.10.6     Indention Pattern

a.  A table of contents without any subentries is listed in 1-3.

b.  Use a nested list when the table of contents has at least one subentry level. The main entry begins in cell 1. Each subentry level begins two cells to the right of the previous level. All runovers begin two cells to the right of the farthest indented subentry.

One level: 1-3

Two levels: 1-5, 3-5

Three levels: 1-7, 3-7, 5-7

Four levels: 1-9, 3-9, 5-9, 7-9


2.10.7     Page Numbers

a.  Page numbers, without the continuation letter, for content entries are placed at the right margin on the last line of the entry. A series of guide dots " (5), preceded and followed by a blank cell, are inserted between the last word of the entry and the page number. If there is not enough space for two or more guide dots, the page number follows the item with no guide dots inserted.

b.  Each line without a page number ends at least six cells before the right margin. This includes headings, notes, extraneous materials, etc.

See Sample 2-13: Single Volume Table of Contents starting on page 2-40.

See Sample 2-14: Table of Contents with Numbered Main Entries on page 2-42.

2.10.8     Capitalization and Font Attributes

a.  Follow print for capitalization of the content's heading, unit and part headings, and listed contents items. Use title case when the entire table of contents is in upper case. Use title case for small capital letters.

Example 2-17: Contents Entry with Small Capital Letters

Small caps used in table of content entry

,writ+ ,"w%op3 ,-p>ison-,3tra/
⠀⠀,essay """""""""""""""""""""""""" #bhd

b.  Font attributes used to distinguish separate components of an entry, such as the title and genre, are retained. See Section 5, Font Attributes.

c.  Omit font attributes when a distinction is not necessary.

Example 2-18: Font Attributes Retained

Contents entries with author's name if all caps, and italicized titles

#i4 ,lov+ """"""""""""""""""""""""" #gad
⠀⠀,true ,love """"""""""""""""""""" #gae
⠀⠀⠀⠀,,william ,,%akespe>e1 ..,let
⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀me n 6! m>riage ( true .m9ds  #gaf
⠀⠀⠀⠀,,anne ,,brad/reet1 ..,6,my
⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀,de> & ,lov+ .,husb& """""""" #gag
⠀⠀⠀⠀,e4 ,e4 ,,cumm+s1 .."s": i h
⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀n"e .travell$ """"""""""""""" #gah

2.10.9     First Volume Numbers and Divisions

a.  Center "Volume 1" on the third line (fifth line, if a running head is used) in the first volume.

b.  Volume divisions are indicated in the first volume's table of contents when volume breaks are known.

c.  Complete the contents of the first volume, insert a blank line, and center "Volume 2" before listing the table of contents entries for that volume. The remaining volumes are indicated in the same manner.

See Sample 2-15: Layout of Multi-Volume Table of Contents on page 2-43.

d.  If volume divisions are not known, insert a blank line after the completion of the Volume 1 entries and center "Following Volumes."

2.10.10   Following Volumes. Each subsequent volume contains only the portion of the table of contents pertaining to the print pages in that volume.

a.  When a volume ends in the middle of a unit, part, chapter, etc., the table of contents in the subsequent volume repeats the centered unit or part heading and any listed item(s) in which the volume division occurs. Insert (cont.) after the last listed item only. Insert the beginning page number for the volume.

b.  The volume division number is not indicated in the table of contents.

See Sample 2-16: Table of Contents with Continued Items on page 2-44.

2.10.11   Preliminary Volumes. A volume composed entirely of transcriber-generated pages, the table of contents, and other front matter is labeled as "Preliminary Volume."

a.  The volume designation on the title page is "Preliminary Volume."

b.  An arabic number is added if there is more than one preliminary volume, i.e., "Preliminary Volume 2."

c.  An agency may designate Preliminary Volume as Volume 1.

d.  The table of contents volume divisions in the first volume begins with Volume 1.

e.  The table of contents for the following volumes includes only the contents within each volume.

2.10.12   Supplemental Volumes. A volume composed entirely of segments of back matter, e.g., glossary, handbook, index, etc., may be labeled as a supplement. This can be useful when the book is not transcribed from front to back and volume divisions are not known.

a.  The volume designation on the title page is "Supplement" followed by the number of the supplement, e.g., "Supplement 2."

b.  The volume designation may be specific when the entire volume is composed of a single type of back matter. For example, "Supplement 1: Glossary."

2.10.13   Content Entries without Page Numbers. Short-listed or linear contents entries without page numbers are listed at the correct subentry level.

See Sample 2-17: Bullets Separating Linear Contents Entries on page 2-45.

See Sample 2-18: Listed Unnumbered Contents Entries on page 2-46.

2.10.14   Transposed Material. Text moved from one location in the book to another location is considered transposed. Note: This does not include text moved a few pages. It pertains to text such as test questions, answers, endnotes, etc., moved from another location in the book, e.g., the back of the book, to the end of a chapter or volume, etc.

a.  Transposed material is listed in the contents of Volume 1 just as it appears in the print table of contents.

b.  In subsequent volumes, transposed material is listed (with its print page number, if shown) in the order in which it appears in that particular volume.

c.  The text itself is not repeated in its original print location.

See Sample 2-19: Transposed Notes starting on page 2-48.

2.10.15   Categorized Table of Contents. Lists of genres or subjects  in a separate listing from the main table of contents are included in the first volume only.

a.  Begin a categorized table of contents on a new braille page.

b.  Use a cell-5 heading for the genre/subject identification. This heading may appear on line 1 with the print page number.

c.  All categorized tables of contents, e.g., lists of poetry, maps, graphs, etc. are transcribed in the order in which they appear.

See Sample 2-20: Categorized Table of Contents on page 2-50.

See Sample 2-21: Transcriber-Generated and Front Matter Pages starting on page 2-52.

2.10.16   Partial Table of Contents in Body Matter. Partial tables of contents within the body matter are retained at the print location.

2.10.17   Contents in Other Formats. A table of contents printed in alphabetical order, rather than in sequential order, is transcribed as an index. Because the contents items are not shown in normal sequential order, the entire table of contents is included in all volumes. See Section 22, Alphabetic References.

2.11       Other Front Matter

2.11.1     A wide variety of material appears in the front matter of textbooks. Use the guidelines throughout this document to determine the best format to use.

2.12       Body Matter

2.12.1     The first item listed in the table of contents is generally considered the first page of the main body of the book.

a.  Text is transcribed in the same order as it appears in print.

b.  Body matter pages begin with braille page 1 in each volume. Follow print for page number format. See Section 1, Basic Principles and General Formats, §1.12 Letter/Number or Number/Number Combinations for more information about unique page numbering.

c.  State-mandated material, and/or an extra section such as a handbook, even if located before the book's front matter in print, is treated as part of the body matter in braille.

2.13       Samples

Sample 2-1: Title with a Series Name, page 2-26

Sample 2-2: Titles in a Set, page 2-27

Sample 2-3: Grade Level on Back Cover, page 2-28

Sample 2-4: Grade Level Indicated by Dots on Spine, page 2-29

Sample 2-5: Title and Subtitle Including Publisher's Name, page 2-30

Sample 2-6: Title with Edition Number and Subtitle, page 2-31

Sample 2-7: Translator, page 2-32

Sample 2-8: Publisher Website, page 2-33

Sample 2-9: U.S. Title Page, page 2-34

Sample 2-10: Canadian Title Page & Reproduction Notice, page 2-35

Sample 2-11: Layout of Table of Contents, page 2-36

Sample 2-12: Entire Brief Table of Contents in Volume 1, page 2-38

Sample 2-13: Single Volume Table of Contents, page 2-40

Sample 2-14: Table of Contents with Numbered Main Entries, page 2-42

Sample 2-15: Layout of Multi-Volume Table of Contents, page 2-43

Sample 2-16: Table of Contents with Continued Items, page 2-44

Sample 2-17: Bullets Separating Linear Contents Entries, page 2-45

Sample 2-18: Listed Unnumbered Contents Entries, page 2-46

Sample 2-19: Transposed Notes, page 2-48

Sample 2-20: Categorized Table of Contents, page 2-50

Sample 2-21: Transcriber-Generated and Front Matter Pages, page 2-52